Poor breakfast in youth linked to metabolic syndrome in adulthood

This Swedish study found that adolescents who consumed poor breakfasts had a higher rate of metabolic syndrome 27 years later than those who ate substantial breakfasts.

Breakfast habits and other lifestyle information were assessed in 1981 from questionnaires in Northern Swedish adolescents aged 16 years old. Poor breakfast habits were defined as skipping breakfast or only drinking or eating something sweet. The participants were followed up 27 years later at the age of 43 and were tested for the presence of metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is a group of factors, including abdominal obesity, high blood pressure and high cholesterol that increase the risk of cardiovascular disease.

The results showed that the adolescents who skipped breakfast or ate a poor breakfast had a 68% higher rate of metabolic syndrome as adults that those who had consumed a more substantial breakfast in their youth. Abdominal obesity and high fasting blood glucose in adults were most clearly linked with poor breakfast in youth.

The Department of Health, Ireland,,and Public Health, England, recommend taking the time to eat three meals a day and not skipping breakfast in the Republic of Ireland and UK national nutrition guidelines. Previous research has shown that those who eat breakfast are most likely to maintain a healthy weight. 

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Posted: 30/01/2014 12:27:53 by Laura Keaver


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