Factors associated with water consumption among children

Water is recommended as the main beverage for daily fluid intake and insight into factors that are associated with children’s water intake is needed to inform the development of interventions aimed at the promotion of water consumption. A systematic review of individual (characteristics and behaviour of the child), interpersonal (characteristics of and interaction with parents or others) and environmental (characteristics of and interaction with the home, school and community) factors associated with water consumption among children aged 2 to 12 years was completed.

Results showed:

  • Evidence of positive associations between water consumption and child’s self-efficacy, parental education level, parental self-efficacy, use of feeding practices such as restriction or encouraging healthy eating and study year.
  • Evidence was inconsistent for child’s age, sex, BMI, consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and ethnic background of parent.
  • No evidence of associations between consumption of milk or juice, parental emotional-, modelling- or instrumental feeding practices, eating school lunch or outside temperature and water consumption.

The findings show some evidence for an association between potentially modifiable factors (parental and child self-efficacy and specific parental feeding practices) and water consumption. More longitudinal research is necessary to investigate environmental, parental and child-related factors associated with water consumption that are currently under-studied and could further inform intervention strategies.

Posted: 15/08/2019 15:58:05 by Deirdre Brennan
Filed under: children, dietary bahaviours, parents, water


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