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To understand what you and your family are eating, you need to be able to make sense of food labels. Healthy foods are low in fat, low in sugar, low in salt but high in fibre.

Under EU food law, when nutritional information is given, it must be stated as per 100g of a food or drink. 100g of some foods may be more or less than a typical serving.

nutrition table with explanations

Guideline Daily Amounts

Many food companies choose to display Guideline Daily Amounts. These are most often presented for a serving or portion of food, not 100g.

sample GDA table

Reference Intake

Many foods will display a Front of Pack nutrition label. Look for products with lowest reference nutrient intakes.

sample reference intake table

Green Low in that nutrient, and is the healthy choice

Amber Medium

Red High


© The Food Safety Promotion Board